Added: Jacqueline Mailloux - Date: 27.10.2021 21:49 - Views: 12751 - Clicks: 6682
The Constitution not only grants equality to women, but also empowers the State to adopt measures of positive discrimination in favour of women. In recent years, the empowerment of women has been recognized as the central issue in determining the status of women. The National Commission for Women was set up by an Act of Parliament in to safeguard the rights and legal entitlements of women. The 73rd and 74th Amendments to the Constitution of India have provided for reservation of seats in the local bodies of Panchayats and Municipalities for women, laying a strong foundation for their participation in decision making at the local levels.
Social stereotyping and violence at the domestic and societal levels are some of the other manifestations. Discrimination against girl children, adolescent girls and women persists in parts of the country. Therefore, they remain largely marginalized, poor and socially excluded. The Policy will be widely disseminated so as to encourage active participation of all stakeholders for achieving its goals.
Specifically, the objectives of this Policy include. New laws will be enacted and existing laws reviewed to ensure that justice is quick and the punishment meted out to the culprits is commensurate with the severity of the offence.
The Policy would aim to encourage changes in laws relating to ownership of property and inheritance by evolving consensus in order to make them gender just. All measures will be taken to guarantee women equal access to and full participation in decision making bodies at every level, including the legislative, executive, judicial, corporate, statutory bodies, as also the advisory Commissions, Committees, Boards, Trusts etc.
Women—friendly personnel policies will also be drawn up to encourage women to participate effectively in the developmental process. Wherever there are gaps in policies and programmes, women specific interventions would be undertaken to bridge these.
Coordinating and monitoring mechanisms will also be devised to assess from time to time the progress of such mainstreaming mechanisms. There will be improved implementation of programmes which are already women oriented with special targets for women. Steps will be taken for mobilization of poor women and convergence of services, by offering them a range of economic and social options, along with necessary support measures to enhance their capabilities.
Other supportive measures would be taken to ensure adequate flow of credit through extant financial institutions and banks, so that all women below poverty line have easy access to credit. Their contribution to socio-economic development as producers and workers will be recognized in the formal and informal sectors including home based workers and appropriate policies relating to employment and to her working conditions will be drawn up. Such measures could include:. Reinterpretation and redefinition of conventional concepts of work wherever necessary e.
Benefits of the growing global economy have been unevenly distributed leading to wider economic disparities, the feminization of poverty, increased gender inequality through often deteriorating working conditions and unsafe working environment especially in the informal economy and rural areas. Strategies will be deed to enhance the capacity of women and empower them to meet the negative social and economic impacts, which may flow from the globalization process. The programmes for training women in soil conservation, social forestry, dairy development and other occupations allied to agriculture like horticulture, livestock including small animal husbandry, poultry, fisheries etc.
They would be given comprehensive support in terms of labour legislation, social security and other support services to participate in various industrial sectors. Suitable measures will be taken to enable women to work on the night shift in factories. This will be accompanied with support services for security, transportation etc.
Women-friendly personnel policies will also be drawn up to encourage women to participate effectively in the developmental process. Reducing the gender gap in secondary and higher education would be a focus area. Gender sensitive curricula would be developed at all levels of educational system in order to address sex stereotyping as one of the causes of gender discrimination. The reduction of infant mortality and maternal mortality, which are sensitive indicators of human development, is a priority concern.
Women should have access to comprehensive, affordable and quality health care. Measures will be adopted that take into the reproductive rights of women to enable them to exercise informed choices, their vulnerability to sexual and health problems together with endemic, infectious and communicable diseases such as malaria, TB, and water borne diseases as well as hypertension and cardio-pulmonary diseases.
Strict implementation of registration of births and deaths would be ensured and registration of marriages would be made compulsory. Interventions such as spread of education, compulsory registration of marriage and special programmes like BSY should impact on delaying the age of marriage so that by child marriages are eliminated.
The use of Indian and alternative systems of medicine will be enhanced within the framework of overall health infrastructure available for women. This is also important in view of the critical link between the health of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women with the health of infant and young children. Special efforts will be made to tackle the problem of macro and micro nutrient deficiencies especially amongst pregnant and lactating women as it le to various diseases and disabilities. Widespread use of nutrition education would be made to address the issues of intra-household imbalances in nutrition and the special needs of pregnant and lactating women.
Special attention will be given for providing adequate and safe housing and accommodation for women including single women, he of households, working women, students, apprentices and trainees. The vast majority of rural women still depend on the locally available non-commercial sources of energy such as animal dung, crop waste and fuel wood. In order to ensure the efficient use of these energy resources in an environmental friendly manner, the Policy will aim at promoting the programmes of non-conventional energy resources.
Women will be involved in spreading the use of solar energy, biogas, smokeless chulahs and other rural application so as to have a visible impact of these measures in influencing eco system and in changing the life styles of rural women. These will include measures to motivate girls to take up science and technology for higher education and also ensure that development projects with scientific and technical inputs involve women fully.
Efforts to develop a scientific temper and awareness will also be stepped up. Special measures would be taken for their training in areas where they have special skills like communication and information technology. These groups include women in extreme poverty, destitute women, women in conflict situations, women affected by natural calamities, women in less developed regions, the disabled widows, elderly women, single women in difficult circumstances, women heading households, those displaced from employment, migrants, women who are victims of marital violence, deserted women and prostitutes etc.
A special emphasis will also be laid on programmes and measures to deal with trafficking in women and girls. These would relate specifically to strict enforcement of laws against prenatal sex selection and the practices of female foeticide, female infanticide, child marriage, child abuse and child prostitution etc.
Removal of discrimination in the treatment of the girl child within the family and outside and projection of a positive image of the girl child will be actively fostered. There will be special emphasis on the needs of the girl child and earmarking of substantial investments in the areas relating to food and nutrition, health and education, and in vocational education. In implementing programmes for eliminating child labour, there will be a special focus on girl children. The Policy will specifically strive to remove demeaning, degrading and negative conventional stereotypical images of women and violence against women.
Private sector partners and media networks will be involved at all levels to ensure equal access for women particularly in the area of information and communication technologies. The media would be encouraged to develop codes of conduct, professional guidelines and other self regulatory mechanisms to remove gender stereotypes and promote balanced portrayals of women and men.
The Plans will specifically including the following:. These could be analyzed and studied in depth. Gender auditing and development of evaluation mechanisms will also be undertaken along side. Data and information gaps in vital areas reflecting the status of women will be sought to be filled in by these immediately. This will help in meaningful planning and evaluation of policies. These will be through interventions as may be appropriate and will relate to, among others, provision of adequate resources, training and advocacy skills to effectively influence macro-policies, legislation, programmes etc.
These bodies will review the progress made in implementing the Policy twice a year. The National Development Council will also be informed of the progress of the programme undertaken under the policy from time to time for advice and comments. This process will include:. Appropriate changes in policies will be made to optimize benefits to women under these schemes. The Department of Women and Child Development being the nodal Ministry will monitor and review the progress of the implementation of the Component Plan from time to time, in terms of both quality and quantity in collaboration with the Planning Commission.
This will also involve a review of all existing laws including personal, customary and tribal laws, subordinate legislation, related rules as well as executive and administrative regulations to eliminate all gender discriminatory references. The process will be planned over a time period The specific measures required would be evolved through a consultation process involving civil society, National Commission for Women and Department of Women and Child Development. In appropriate cases the consultation process would be widened to include other stakeholders too. Appropriate changes in legislation will be undertaken, if necessary.
Recognised, local, voluntary organizations will be authorized to lodge Complaints and facilitate registration, investigations and legal proceedings related to violence and atrocities against girls and women. Other measures will include:. The PRIs and the local self Governments will be actively involved in the implementation and execution of the National Policy for Women at the grassroots level.
Towards this end, they will be provided with appropriate support related to resources and capacity building and facilitated to participate actively in the process of the empowerment of women. International, regional and sub-regional cooperation towards the empowerment of women will continue to be encouraged through sharing of experiences, exchange of ideas and technology, networking with institutions and organizations and through bilateral and multi-lateral partnerships.
Language English. Goal and Objectives 1. Specifically, the objectives of this Policy include i Creating an environment through positive economic and social policies for full development of women to enable them to realize their full potential ii The de-jure and de-facto enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedom by women on equal basis with men in all spheres — political, economic, social, cultural and civil iii Equal access to participation and decision making of women in social, political and economic life of the nation iv Equal access to women to health care, quality education at all levels, career and vocational guidance, employment, equal remuneration, occupational health and safety, social security and public office etc.
Decision Making 3. Mainstreaming a Gender Perspective in the Development Process 4. Economic Empowerment of women Poverty Eradication 5. Steps will be taken for mobilization of poor women and convergence of services, by offering them a range of economic and social options, along with necessary support measures to enhance their capabilities Micro Credit 5. Women and Economy 5.
Such measures could include: Reinterpretation and redefinition of conventional concepts of work wherever necessary e. Preparation of satellite and national s. Development of appropriate methodologies for undertaking i and ii above.
Women and Agriculture 5. Women and Industry 5. Support Services 5.
Social Empowerment of Women Education 6. Health 6. Nutrition 6. Drinking Water and Sanitation 6. Housing and Shelter 6.Looking 4 special lady
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