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Colerne is a village and civil parish in north WiltshireEngland. The village is about 3. It has an elevated and exposed position, feet m above sea level, and overlooks the Box valley to the south where Brunel 's Box Tunnel is. The parish includes the hamlets of Eastrip and Thickwood. It is bounded to the west by a stretch of the Fosse Way Roman roadwhich forms the county boundary with Gloucestershireand to the east by the Bybrook River.
Part of the northern boundary is the Doncombe Brook, a tributary of the Bybrook, and part of the southern boundary is the Lid Brook, another tributary. Evidence of early settlement in the area includes three bowl barrows  near Thickwood, overlooking the Bybrook valley, and an Iron Age hillfort  from around BC  in the north of the parish, known as Bury Wood Camp, overlooking the Doncombe valley.
A Roman villa has been found on the site of the present airfield. In the 14th century the local economy was based on sheep-rearing, cloth production assisted by mills on the By Brook and stone quarrying. The Manor House, near the church, bears a date of By the 19th century, cloth-making had migrated to industrial towns and the economy was mainly agricultural. Fromemployment was provided by the construction of RAF Colerne close to the north of the village, followed by its operation and current use as an Army base. It has a 15th-century tower and was restored in the 19th century.
There are fragments of medieval glass, and pieces of a 9th-century cross shaft which Pevsner describes as "two large fragments of one of the best C9 crosses in the West Country".
A Congregational chapel was built in and renovated in A Primitive Methodist chapel was built in Colerne in and closed in Colerne's historic core sits on a high ridge, though some of its stone-built houses are located down the valley side to the south. Modern estates were built to the north of the ancient, narrow streets, and there is some modern infill. Thickwood is a separate development of mainly late twentieth century houses 1 mile 1. Colerne CE Primary School serves the village. Its building was opened in to replace a small National School ofnear the church.
Pupil s were high while the school served families from RAF Colerneand classrooms at the old school remained in use until the RAF station closed in Calder House School is an independent special school at Thickwood. The village has two pubs, in buildings from the early 18th century: the Fox and Hounds  and the Six Bells Inn.
The Lucknam Park Hotel, originally a Georgian country house but much expanded in the Victorian era, is around 1 mile 1. As the "Village on the Hill", Colerne is in an exposed position and local people are well aware that the weather will often be the opposite of that in nearby, but low lying, Bath. Colerne tends to be very windy and rainy in winter and prone to get cut off from the outside world when it snows. It can often be foggy when the lower lying towns and villages around aren't.
The name Colerne appears in the Domesday Book of Gover, Mawer and Stenton, in The Place Names of Wiltshire cite a form aern meaning "house", and suggest that " col-aern might well denote a house where charcoal was made, used or stored. Another possibility is that it could mean "cold dwelling", from the Anglo-Saxon cald. Yet another possible derivation is from the Goidelic Old Irish cuilleanthe Brythonic Welsh celyn or celynnenor the Old English holegn with the 'h' pronounced gutturally.
Each of these words translates as "holly tree" or "holly branches", which were ificant in Celtic history and folklore. Colerne civil parish is administered by a parish council and by the Wiltshire Council unitary authority. According to village legend, a Colerne parson in former years owned a donkey to which he was much attached.
While the clergyman was away, the unfortunate ass died, and the sexton felt it proper to have the beast buried in consecrated ground. But the undertaker, inexperienced in interring specimens of E. The parson had the animal reburied when he returned, but the story was already out, and well into the 20th century young men from the nearby villages of Box or Marshfield who were at a loose end needed only visit Colerne and mention the word Donkey sufficiently loudly to be rewarded with a violent altercation on a moment's notice. It was also the habit for visiting footballers unacquainted with Colerne history to be dispatched to the home dressing room with a piece of sandpaper and instructions to ask to polish the donkey's hooves.
Two mysterious stones were visible the wall opposite the church entrance as late as the s. These were just part of the wall and without closer inspection no different from their neighbours. A nearby stone had a visible hand print in it as clear as if someone has pressed their hand in clay — though this was limestone. Local children connected the two into a story of a man falling from the church tower centuries earlier. Sadly neither the inscription or the hand are visible now, presumably due to weathering.
The counties of Wiltshire, Gloucestershire and Somerset meet in the far southwest of the parish, on the Fosse Way. The Shire Stones, made from coarsely cut stone slabs, mark this point. This marker was erected in and rebuilt in The Colerne Water Tower is a large concrete structure in the shape of an inverted cone.
It is approximately 30 meters ft high, and replaced an older tower that was part of a s scheme to bring mains water to the area. The location of the present tower, on the southern edge of Colerne Airfieldis shown as "Wr Twr" on the current Ordnance Survey mapsandThe original tower was located on the eastern edge of the village near the housing estate called Martins Croft built in the late s-early '50s.
Human settlement in England. Location within Wiltshire. South West. North Wiltshire.
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. November Learn how and when to remove this template message. Wiltshire Council. Archived from the original on 18 November Retrieved 17 November National Heritage List for England.
Wiltshire Community History.
Archived from the original on 23 October Research records formerly PastScape. Retrieved 18 November The National Archives. The Buildings of England 2nd ed. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. ISBN John the Baptist, Colerne ". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 19 November Clarendon Press.
The Place-names of Wiltshire. The University Press. Notes on Wiltshire Names. This Is Wiltshire. Retrieved 20 February Colerne History Group. : Villages in Wiltshire Civil parishes in Wiltshire. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons.
John the Baptist parish church. Colerne Location within Wiltshire. Dorset and Wiltshire. South Western. Parish Council. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Colerne.Love in colerne
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Lucknam Park, Colerne, Wiltshire: relive the romance of Bridgerton